According to a new report, the odds are stacked up against African-American children and it should be considered a national crisis. From poverty, poor housing and lack of access to education, the well being for African-American kids is worsening rapidly.
“Race for Results”, a report done by the Casey Foundation, looked at how five racial groups fare against a dozen milestones in stages of life from birth to adulthood, including the number of eighth-graders with math proficiency and the number of young adults who are in school or working. Although the report found that no group was perfect, African-Americans fared the worst.
“We found that the gaps sort of start out relatively small and get bigger over time,” Laura Speer, Casey Foundation associate director of policy reform and advocacy, said in an interview with The Huffington Post. “Look at the early childhood measures: The gaps between African-Americans, Latinos, whites are relatively small. But in the early childhood years, even a small gap can have a big impact in the long run.”
“Race for Results” used 12 indicators and a single composite score to determine a child’s chance at future success. Some of the factors included whether the children were born at normal birth weight, if they were enrolled in preschool by the ages of 3 to 5, whether they lived with an adult who has at least a high school diploma, and their proficiency at reading and math during elementary and middle school.
The report used a 1,000 point-scale to measure success. Asian-Americans and whites scored best, with 776 and 704 respectively. American-Indians and African-Americans, on the other hand, scored in the 300s.
African-American children face the greatest barriers to success in Michigan, Wisconsin and across southern states, including Mississippi and Alabama, the report said.
The report also says that by 2018, the majority of U.S. children will be of non-white ethnicity.
“The kids of color in our country are absolutely critical to the future success of the United States,” Speer said. “They are going to be the majority of our work force and we can’t afford to lose the talent they have and could have in the future behind. We need them to be successful.”